WAEC Syllabus for Animal Husbandry (ALT A)

There are always 3 sections to answer questions from. The first paper has a time frame and it’s 1 hour given for 50 marks. The second paper is been given 2 hours for 80 marks and lastly, paper three is given 2 hours for 60 marks. Jamb form 

CONTENTS

 

 

NOTES

 

A.  INTRODUCTION TO       

ANIMAL   

HUSBANDRY

 

1.  Meaning, scope and

importance of animal

husbandry

 

 

 

2. Problems in animal

production

 

 

 

3.Quality and Safety

standard of animal food

products

 

 

 

 

 

4. Classification of farm

animals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.  ANATOMY AND

PHYSIOLOGY OF   

FARM

ANIMALS

 

1. Meaning of  the terms:

anatomy,  physiology

and the external

orientation of farm

animals

 

 

 

2. Digestive System

(a)  Comparative

anatomy of digestive

system of farm

animals

 

(b)  Digestion and

Absorption

processes in the

various classes

of farm animals

 

 

 

 

 

3.   Central  Nervous

System

(a) Parts of  the Central

Nervous System

(CNS) and

Autonomic

Nervous System

(ANS)

 

 

(b) Functions of the

ANS

 

 

 

(c)  Endocrine System

(i) Endocrine glands

and their functions

 

(ii)  Hormones and

their functions

 

 

 

4. Integumentary, skeletal

and muscular  systems

 

 

 

5.  Reproductive System

 

 

 

 

 

(a)  Anatomy of the

reproductive system

of poultry and

livestock

 

 

(b) Functions of organs

and parts of the

reproductive system

 

 

 

(c)  Reproductive

processes

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.   Circulatory System

(a)  Structure and

functions

 

 

 

 

(b) Heart and Pulse

rate

 

 

7.  Respiratory System

(a) Meaning and

Importance of

Respiration

 

(b)  Structure and

Functions of the

Respiratory  System

 

8. Excretory System

(a) Meaning and

Importance of the

Excretion

 

(b) Structure and

Functions of  the

Excretory System

 

 

(c) Excretory Products

 

 

C. ANIMAL NUTRITION

1. Introduction to Animal

Nutrition

(a) Meaning and

Importance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)  Modes of feeding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Feedstuffs and Feed

Supplements

(a) Types,  composition

and functions of

the  feed nutrients

 

 

 

 

 

(b) Classification of

feedstuffs

 

 

(c)  Food tests

 

 

(d)  Producers and

suppliers of

feedstuffs and

supplements

 

 

3.  Formulation and

Preparation of Animal

Feeds

(a)    Common terms

used in feed

formulation

 

 

 

(b)   Factors considered

in the formulation  of ration

 

 

(c)    Steps in the

formulation of ration

 

4. Handling and Storage of

Animal Feeds

(a)  Importance of  feed

storage and

features of

storage structures

 

 

(b)  Factors that affect

the quality of stored

feed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Record keeping and

estimation of cost of

prepared feed

 

6. Pests of stored feed and

their control

 

 

 

D. ANIMAL HEALTH

 

1. Meaning of terms

 

 

 

2. Signs of good and ill-

health

 

 

 

 

3. Factors that pre-

dispose animals to

diseases

 

 

 

 

4. Effects of diseases,

pests and  parasites on

animal  production

 

 

 

5. Zoonotic diseases; their

importance and

prevention

 

6. Pathogens of farm

animal diseases

(a)  Classification of

pathogens

 

(b)  Pathogenic

diseases and their

economic

importance

(c)  Principles for

prevention and

control of

diseases of farm

animals

 

 

 

 

(d)  Management

practices in the

prevention and

control of diseases

of farm animals

 

 

 

7.  Ectoparasites  and

endoparasites

 

(a)    Types and

examples

of  parasites

 

(b)  Structure, life cycle

and mode of

feeding

 

(c)  Conditions that

influence parasite

population

 

 

8. Prevention and control

of parasites

 

 

 

 

9. Economic importance

of parasites

 

 

 

 

 

 

E.  GENETIC

PRINCIPLES AND    

ANIMAL

IMPROVEMENT

 

1. Heredity, basic genetic

terms and Mendel’s first

law of inheritance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Meaning, objectives

and benefits of animal

improvement

 

 

 

 

3. Performance traits of

improved and

unimproved animals

 

 

 

4. Methods of animal

improvement;

advantages and

disadvantages

 

 

 

 

 

5. Nutritional and

environmental factors

affecting animal

improvement

 

 

6.  Artificial Insemination

 

(a)  Meaning and

process of

artificial

insemination

(A.I.)

 

(b)  Advantages of

A.I.

 

 

 

(c)  Signs of heat

(oestrus) and

handling

procedures in the

collection and

storage of semen

 

F.  INTRODUCTION TO

ENVIRONMENTAL

PHYSIOLOGY

1. Internal and external

environment of animals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. The role of the nervous

and endocrine systems

in homeostasis and

animal’s response to

stimuli

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Determination of room

temperature, body

temperature and

respiration rate in farm

animals

 

 

4. Effects of climate on

farm animals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.  Modification of animal

environment and

management pratices to

reduce stress on

animals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G.  MONOGASTRIC

AND

DOMESTIC PET 

PRODUCTION

 

1. Poultry production

(a)  Definition and

characteristics of

poultry

 

 

(b)  Classes of poultry

 

 

 

 

(c)  Breeds and types

of poultry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d)  Importance/role of

poultry production

 

 

 

(e)  Systems of poultry

Production

 

 

 

 

(f) Incubation and

Hatchery Practices

(i)  Terminologies

 

 

 

(ii)  Natural and

Artificial

Incubation

 

 

 

(iii)  Selection of eggs

for Hatching

 

 

 

(iv)  Conditions

necessary for

hatching of eggs

 

 

 

(v)  Incubation Process

 

 

 

 

 

 

(vi)  Candling of Eggs

 

 

(vii)  Marketing of day-

old chicks

 

 

 

 

 

(g) Management Practices

 

 

 

 

(h) Processing

and marketing

of Poultry

 

 

 

 

 

(i)  Prospects of producing

the various types of

poultry

 

 

2.  Pig Production

(a)  Types, breeds and

characteristics

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)  Importance of pig

production

 

 

 

(c)  Systems of

keeping pigs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d)  Management

practices

 

 

(e)  Slaughtering,

processing and

marketing of pigs

 

 

 

 

3.   Domestic Pets

(a) Meaning and

Importance of pets

 

 

 

 

(b)  Management of  pets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c)  Training of Pets

 

 

 

 

(d)  Marketing of pets

 

 

(H)  RUMINANT

PRODUCTION

1.  Sheep and goat

production.

 

(a)    Common

Breeds,

Distribution and

Characteristics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)  Importance of

sheep and goats

 

 

 

 

 

(c)  Management

Practices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d)  Common parasites

and diseases and

their control

 

 

 

(e)  Processing and

marketing

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.  Beef Cattle Production

 

(a)  Breeds and

characteristics

 

 

 

(b)   Importance of

beef cattle

production

 

 

 

(c)  Common

Production

Systems

 

 

 

 

 

(d)  Planning,production

and management of

cattle for beef and

traction

 

 

 

 

e)   General management

practices

 

 

 

(f)   Processing and

marketing

 

 

 

(g)   Major Problems in

beef cattle production

 

 

 

 

 

3.   Dairy cattle production

 

(a)    Breeds and

features of dairy cow

 

 

 

 

(b)  Characteristics,

sources and

importance of milk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c)  Management practices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d)   Diseases and their

control

 

 

(e)  Production, processing

and marketing of milk

and dairy products

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(f)  Problems of dairy

cattle production in

warm climates

 

 

 

I. RANGE AND

 PASTURE

MANAGEMENT

1.  Introduction to range

and pastures

(a)  Basic

terminologies in

pasture and range

management

 

(b) Types of pasture

and their features

 

(c)   Importance of

pastures and forage

crops in animal

production

 

(d)   Factors that affect the

productivity of

different types of

pasture

 

 

 

(e)   Major forage crops

 

 

 

 

(f)   Poisonous plants in

pasture

 

 

2.    Pasture establishment

and management

 

(a)   Qualities  of good

pasture and forage

species

 

 

(b)   Establishment of

pasture

 

 

 

 

 

(c)    Improving natural

Pastures

 

 

 

 

(d)   Management of

cultivated pastures

 

 

 

 

(e)    Harvesting of forage

crops

 

 

3.   Forage conservation

and utilization

 

(a)   Forage

conservation and

its  importance

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)   Preparation of hay

and silage

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c)  Utilization of crop

residue in feeding

animals

 

 

(J)  NON-TRADITIONAL    

 ANIMAL PRODUCTION

 

1. Rabbit and Grasscutter

Producation

(a)     Common breeds

 

 

 

(b)    Importance of

producing rabbits

and grasscutters

 

 

 

(c)   Manangement

Practices

 

 

 

 

(d)   Processing and

Marketing

 

 

2.  Snail Farming

(a)  Meaning and

importance

 

 

 

(b)  External features of

Snails

 

 

 

 

(c)  Types of  species

 

 

 

(d)   Site selection

 

 

 

 

(e)   Management Practices

 

 

 

 

 

 

(f)  Processing and              marketing of snails

 

 

 

(g)    Establishing

enterprises in animal

husbandry

 

 

 

 

 

1.  Breeds of

Farm  Animals.

 

2.   Classification of farm

Animals.

 

 

 

 

3.  Anatomy and

Physiology of Farm

Animals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.  Animal Nutrition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.  Main Pests and

Parasites of farm animals

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.  Diseases of farm

animals; their

prevention

and control

 

 

 

 

 

7.   Artificial Insemination

 

 

 

 

8.   Environmental

Physiology

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.  Management Practices

 

 

 

 

 

 

10   Animal Products

and By-products

 

 

 

11.  Range and Pasture

Management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.   Animal Housing and

Structures